Journal of Money, Credit and Banking
Economic agents who are uncertain of their economic model learn, and this learning is sensitive to the presence of data uncertainty. I investigate this idea in a framework that successfully describes inflation as a learning Federal Reserve’s optimal policy but fails to satisfactorily motivate these policy shifts. I modify the framework to account for data uncertainty: the learning process is made more sluggish by its presence. Consequently, the estimated model provides an explanation for the rise and fall in inflation: the concurrent rise and fall in the perceived Philips curve trade-off between inflation and unemployment.